1946 Cabinet Mission to India – 24 March 1946
Cabinet Mission was a high-powered mission sent in February 1946 to India by the Atlee Government (British Prime Minister.) The mission had three British cabinet members – Pethick Lawrence, Stafford Cripps and A.V. Alexander.
The Cabinet Mission’s aim was to discuss the transfer of power from British to Indian leadership.
Objectives of Cabinet Mission included obtaining an agreement with the indian leaders as to the framing of a constitution for India, formulating a constitution making body and establishing an Executive Council with the support of the major Indian parties.
The mission proposed a complicated system for India with three tiers: the provinces, provincial groupings and the centre. Some of the main reasons for the failure of the Cabinet Mission were the differences between Indian National Congress and All-India Muslim League over its clauses, dominion status before independence and the division of provinces in three groups. Cabinet Mission failed to fulfil the demand of an Independent and united India.